ASTM F1306 Slow Rate Penetration Resistance of Film & Laminates

ASTM F1306 test method specifies the test conditions for determining the characterization of flexible materials, such as barrier films and laminates, and their resistance to slow rate of penetration under a driven probe. The test is carried out at room temperature by applying a biaxial stress at a single velocity.

If you plan on conducting ASTM F1306 we recommend acquiring the test standard from ASTM. There are many important details regarding this test method that are provided which are key to achieving successful results. Every standard provides important environmental conditions, test sample preparation and conditioning requirements, sample dimensions and test reporting expectations. It’s critical that you fully understand the standard so that you can set up the test, run the procedure, and report the results requirements.

What Is ASTM F1306?

ASTM F1306 permits flexible barrier films and laminates to be tested for slow rate penetration resistance to a driven probe. The test is performed by applying a biaxial stress at a controlled test velocity until perforation occurs. The force, energy, and elongation to perforation are determined. This puncture resistant test method evaluates the ability of a material to withstand a concentrated force. It is used to compare one material to another in packaging specifications. It is also useful to assess a material’s performance through an event such as shelf life or sterilization. The test is based on a sample of 0.0025 mm (0.0001 in.), whichever is larger.

Why Use a Standard Test Method Like ASTM F1306?

ASTM F1306 is useful for support of engineering design and development, to confirm internal quality assurance, to compare one material versus another, to provide a clear specification for commercial transactions, and to provide insights for first time test developers.

What Test Machines Are Recommended for Thin Film & Sheet Plastics?

Our universal test machines serve multiple plastic testing applications and are capable of performing virtually all quasi static tension/compression tests, such as tensile, peel, and adhesion. Our machines feature a uniform constant rate of extension (CRE), or constant velocity control mode, with a speed range between 1 and 500 mm/min (0.04 to 20 in/min). Force measurement complies with ASTM E4.

The slow rate of penetration speed for ASTM F1306 is 25 mm/min (1 in/min). Loads are small and depend on sample thickness. Sample sizes are 76 mm (3 in) x 76 mm (3 in).

ASTM F1306 Test Systems

ASTM F1306 Test Summary

Penetration or puncture resistance is an important end use performance requirement of thin flexible materials where a sharp-edged product can destroy the integrity of a barrier wrap. This can cause potential harm to the product and reduce shelf life. Material responses from puncture to stretch may be observed using the TestVideo Software module and quantified using this method. The test data to be reported includes peak force, probe penetration to break, and energy to break.

Articles Related to ASTM F1306

ASTM F1306 Testers

100 Family Electromechanical Universal Test Machine

Most Economical

The 100 family is the most economical solution but it offers less functionality and flexibility then other systems. The load frame is compact and lightweight which is great if lab table space is limited. Complete system includes controller software, load frame, actuator and grips specifically configured for your biomedical test. 

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240 Family Electromechanical Universal Test Machine

Best Performance

The 240 family is the ideal solution for a wide range of tests and features higher travel and faster speeds compared to traditional universal test machines. The load frame is compact and lightweight which is great if space is limited. Complete system includes controller software, load frame and grips specifically configured for your test requirements.

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ASTM F1306 Puncture Fixtures

ASTM F1306 fixture

Manual Puncture Test Fixture | GF1306-525

Includes the penetration probe and sample holder.

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ASTM F1306 fixture

Pneumatic Puncture Test Fixture | GF1306-656

Includes the penetration probe and sample holder.

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ASTM F1306 Test Machine Software

ASTM F1306 Test Machine Controller Software

ASTM F1306 Test Machine Controller Software | NF1306

Application specific module features preset settings, test calculations, and graphical test report contents.

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ASTM F1306 Test Machine Controller Software

Video Recording and Playback Software Module | TestVideo

High resolution video capture of the test. Playback is time synchronized with load data.

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Note: This is not a complete summary of the standard. Anyone planning to conduct this test should read the full standard.