ASTM D575 Compression Test of Rubber

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ASTM D575 test method A is a procedure for determining the compression-deflection of rubber compounds (except hard rubber and sponge rubber). ASTM D575 is useful in comparing stiffness of rubber materials in compression. They can be used by rubber technologists to aid in development of materials for compressive applications. ASTM D575 test method A is a compression test in which the force required to cause a specified deflection is determined. Deflection is the change in thickness of the specimen upon application of a compressive force.

After measuring the thickness of the test specimen, place the specimen between the platens of the testing machine. Place sheets of sandpaper between the rubber surfaces and the testing machine platens. The sandpaper resists lateral slippage of the rubber at the contact surfaces and should be slightly larger than the specimen. Apply the force to precisely produce a deflection rate of 12 mm/min (0.5 in./min) until the specified deflection is reached, after which release the force immediately at the same rate. Repeat the loading cycle a second time. Apply the force a third time until the specified deflection is again reached. Read and record the force required. The machine may be stopped at intervals of 5 % deflection during the third application and the force recorded for each deflection so that a stress-strain curve may be drawn. Deflection percentage is based on the thickness of the specimen prior to the first force application.

ASTM D575 Test Method B - Compression Test at a Force for Rubber

ASTM D575 method b is useful in comparing stiffness of rubber materials in compression. ASTM D575 method B covers procedures for determining the compression-deflection of rubber compounds. ASTM standards can be used by rubber technologists to aid in development of materials for compressive applications. This test constitutes only one kind of compression stiffness measurement. Test method B is a compression test in which the specified mass or compressive force is placed on the specimen and the resulting deflection is measured and recorded. Deflection is the change in thickness of the specimen upon application of a compressive force.

Apply a specified minor jog force for a period long enough to adjust the deflection gage, after which apply the full test force for 3 seconds. Read the deflection on the dial gage at the end of the 3 second period. The reading shall not include any deflection caused by the jog force. Calculate the percent deflection on the basis of the original thickness of the specimen. Report the median of values taken from three specimens

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