Textile fabrics such as woven, nonwoven, and felted fabrics can be quality tested using ASTM D5034. ASTM D5034 uses grab and modified grab testing procedures to measure the strength and elongation of textile fabric.

ASTM D5034

ASTM D5034 grab test procedures apply to woven, nonwoven, and felted fabrics, while the modified grab test procedure is used primarily for woven fabrics. The grab test determines the effective strength of the fabric: the strength of the yarns in a specified width with fabric assistance from the adjacent yarns. It doesn’t reflect yarn strength actually gripped between clamps. The modified grab test determines the breaking force of fabrics with constructions in which the application of tensile stress on ravel strip specimens produces further unraveling. This process applies to high-strength fabrics.

Testing procedure

A grab test is a tensile strength test where the center of the specimen width is gripped between mechanical clamps. The modified grab test is similar - lateral slits are made mid-length of the textile, severing all yarns bordering that portion of the specimen held between the two clamps.

In the grab test, front grip faces should measure 1 inch by 1 or 2 inches, with the longer dimension along the vertical side. For the modified grab test the front grip face should measure 1 inch by 2 inches, with the longer dimension along the vertical side once again.

For grab testing textile fabrics, you should select a versatile universal testing machine where load cells can generate sample breaks at 10 to 90% of the load cell range. Make sure you choose the correct grips for the job, with either rubber coated or smooth surfaces. The control test should run at 12 inches per minute.

By means of our testing expertise and modular product design, we will help find the testing solution that is right for you. Give one of our application engineers a call today for help with creating the best budget and testing plan according to ASTM D5034.

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