When it comes to testing wood and wood products, finding the right solution is crucial for ensuring product quality and performance. That's where our expertise and extensive range of wood test machine solutions come in.

We take pride in offering a diverse selection of products, making us your go-to source for all your wood testing needs. From bend testers to shear testers, we have more products than anyone else in the market.

Our team of wood and wood product testing experts is dedicated to helping you find the right solution that meets your specific requirements.

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Materials and Component Testing for Metals

What Is the Purpose of Wood Testing?

Wood testing is a crucial process that involves assessing the quality, strength, and characteristics of wood for various applications. It helps in determining the suitability of wood for specific purposes and ensures its durability and performance over time. Wood products that undergo mechanical testing are primarily used in the construction, furniture, and manufacturing industries for common goods. This ensures the safety, longevity, and optimal performance of wood products.

What Are the Different Types of Wood Products?

  • Timber is mechanically tested to characterize wood performance in a variety of applications.
  • Lumber is typically used for framing, beams, and joists.
  • Plywood consists of multiple thin wood layers (veneers) glued together, providing strength compared to solid wood. Commonly used for walls, floors, furniture, and various applications.
  • Veneer sheets of wood cut from logs. Tests include tensile strength, MOE, and strain of failure in longitudinal and transverse directions. Three and four-point bend tests are common.
  • Glued laminated timber (glulam) beams are formed by bonding smaller wood pieces with adhesives, creating larger sections with superior strength for structural applications.
  • Fiber and Particle Panels
    • Oriented strand board (OSB) consists of wood strands bonded with adhesive. Used for sheathing walls, roof decks, and various construction applications.
    • Medium-density fiberboard (MDF) consists of broken fibers formed into boards using adhesive.
    • Fiberboard is similar to MDF, but lower density, and used for paneling, doors, and furniture components.

What Are the Common Wood Test Types?

Mechanical testing of wood and wood products confirms their performance for specific applications. Evaluating strength and stiffness ensures that the product meets industry standards.

Common Mechanical Tests for Wood and Wood Products

  • Bend tests apply a load to a supported wood beam to measure its bend strength and stiffness. Both three and four-point bend tests are common. Testing data includes modulus of rupture and maximum bending stress.
  • Compression testing measures the compressive strength and modulus of elasticity. Axial compression tests are loaded parallel to the grain to assess its ability to resist being crushed. Compression tests that are perpendicular to the grain measure the resistance to crushing under the force applied across the grain.
  • Tension testing of a wood sample to measure its tensile strength and stiffness (modulus of elasticity). Timber is pulled apart along the grain.
  • Shear tests evaluate how well a wood resists shear forces. They are especially important when wood adhesives are involved.
  • Hardness tests measure a wood's resistance to indentation.
  • Fastener holding tests assess how well nails, screws, and other fasteners hold in wood.

Common Mechanical Tests for Wood-Based Fiber and Particle Panels

  • Tensile strength or resistance to pulling force, varies based on test direction and material type
  • Bending strength is a measure of resistance to bending forces.
  • Shear strength measures resistance to forces that slide one part of the panel past another.
  • Nail and screw withdrawal strength measures the ability to hold nails and screws
  • Stiffness and Modulus of elasticity (MOE) is a measure of the stiffness or resistance to deformation under load. Higher MOE indicates less bending under pressure.

Get a Complete Test System for Your Test Application

Completing your material test system is easy. Simply start by choosing a test machine, choose your accessories, and select your controller software. We are your one-stop shop for all your application testing needs.

Let us help you choose the right machine for your specific application.

Wood Testing Machines

Choose from a wide variety of test machines for all your wood testing applications. Each machine is configured to match your application requirements.

Newton Test Controller

From simplified test setups to an intuitive controller software interface and pre-configured methods for industry standards - this innovative technology ensures that your test application are conducted seamlessly and with precision.

Accurate & Repeatable Test Results

  • Simple test setup, operation, and reporting
  • Flexible and scalable software packages - Get what you need now with room to grow!
  • Prebuilt test methods for many of the most common application-specific testing standards
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Newton Software

High-performance and easy-to-use controller with logical workflow design

With an intuitive interface, Newton makes it easy for users to navigate through various options and settings, ultimately enhancing the overall user experience. By streamlining complex procedures into user-friendly steps, this software serves both experienced test engineers and beginners alike to conduct tests with confidence and accuracy.

Due to the massive selection of products that we offer, it can be difficult to narrow down what you need. Let us help you select and configure based on your testing application.

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Wood Testing Accessories

General Purpose

Choose from a long list of standard wood testing products as well as engineered solutions. All of our wood testing fixtures can be adapted to any brand of test machine.

Specialized Wood & Wood Products Testing Accessories

Use the tables below to search for the fixture that matches your sample the best. Can't find what you are looking for? Contact us. We are confident we have what you need.

Wood Test Fixtures by Test

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Wood Test Fixtures by Wood Type

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Talk to one of our Engineers to help you navigate the vast selection of testing accessories to find the perfect fit for your testing application.

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Wood Testing Standards

Popular Standards for Testing Wood

Strength and Mechanical Properties of wood products

Composite Wood Products:

  • ASTM D3103 Shear of Adhesives for Wood-Based Materials
  • ASTM D7255 Shear Testing of Engineered Wood Products

Veneer:

  • ASTM D805 Veneer, Plywood, and Other Veneer Constructions
  • ISO 14088 Veneer Shear Strength

Wood Testing Standards by Standards Organization:

There are numerous wood testing standards available. If you have a specific standard that you will be using, please refer to this table to find and learn more about the products we recommend for that particular standard.